Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)  


   #HSMemors            

Description:   It is a Personality Disorder in which the individual is described as being excessively preoccupied with issues of  personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity.

NPD is rare. It affects more men than women.

This condition affects one percent of the population First Formulated in 1968, historically called megalomania and  is severe egocentrism.  People with Narcissistic Personality disorder are characterized by unwarranted feelings of self-importance. They have a grandiose sense of  self-importance pre-occupation with fantasies of unlimited success. They have a strong need for admiration, but lack of empathy of others. These qualities are usually defences against a deep feeling of inferiority and of being unloved.

Those with NPD  believe that they are superior to others  and have little regard for other people’s feelings, but  behind this mask of ultra-confidence lies a fragile self-esteem, vulnerable to the slightest criticism.

 History:

 The use of the term “narcissism” to describe excessive vanity and self-centeredness predates by many years  the modern medical classification of narcissistic personality disorder. It was named after a mythological Greek Youth   named “Narcissus” who became infatuated with his own reflection in a lake. He did not realize at first that it was his own   reflection, but when he did, he died out of grief for having fallen  in love with someone that did not exist outside of   himself. Although this may not be the only version of the myth ,it is one of the more popular ones.

The term “Narcissistic personality Structure” was introduced by Kernberg in 1967 and “narcissistic Personality   Disorder” first proposed by Heinz Kohut in 1968.

 

   Subtypes 

Unprincipled narcissist

                                  -Include antisocial features

                                  -unscrupulous

                                  -amoral

                                  -disloyal

                                 -fraudulent

                                 -deceptive

                                 -arrogant

                                -exploitive

                                -a con man and charlatan

                                -dominating

                                -contemptuous

                                -vindictive

                               -Deficient conscience

 

Amorous narcissist

                              -Include histrionic features

                              -sexually seductive

                              -enticing

                              -beguiling

                              -tantalizing

                              -glib and clever

                             -disinclines real intimacy

                             -indulges hedonistic desires

                             -bewithches and inveigles the needy and naive

                             -pathological lying and swindling

 

Compensatory narcissist

                           -Include negativistic features

                           -Seeks to counteract or cancel out deep feelings of inferiority and lack of self-esteem

                          -Offsets deficits by creating illusions of being superior

                           -exceptional

                           -admirable

                           -noteworthy

                           -self-worth results from self-enhancement

 

Elitist narcissist

                         -Variant of “Pure” pattern

                         -feels priviledge and empowered by virtue of special childhood status and pseudo achievements

                       -entitled facade bears little relation to reality

                        -seeks favoured and good life

                          -upwardly mobile

                       -cultivates special status and advantages by association.

 

 Fanatic narcissist

                        -include paranoid features

                       -an individual whose self-esteem was severely arrested during childhood, who usually displays major paranoid  tendencies, and who holds on to an illusion of omnipotence.

             

                                                                            Causes

      

     It is said that the cause of this mental disorder is unknown, but researchers identified some factors      that maybe linked to this.

  • Parental disdain for fears and needs expressed during childhood.
  • Lack of affection and praise during childhood
  • Neglect and emotional abuse in childhood
  • Excessive praise and overindulgence
  • Unpredictable or unreliable caregiving from parents
  • Learning manipulative behaviours from parents

                                                                      Signs and symptoms:

Narcissistic Personality Disorder is characterized by dramatic, emotional behaviour which is in the same category as anti-social and  borderline personality disorders.

 

  • Believing that you’re better than others
  • Fantasizing about power success,and attractiveness
  • Exaggerating your achievements or talents
  • Expecting constant praise and admiration
  • Believing that you’re special and acting accordingly
  • Failing to recognize other people’s feelings and emotions
  • Expecting others to go along with your ideas and plans
  • Taking advantage of others
  • Expressing disdain for those you feel inferior
  • Being jealous of others
  • Believing that others are jealous of you
  • Trouble keeping healthy relationships
  • Setting unrealistic goals
  • Being easily get hurt and rejected
  • Having a fragile self-esteem
  • Appearing as tough minded or unemotional
  • Cannot handle criticism
  • Insist on having the “best” of everything
  • Arrogant, superior, self-absorbed
  • ambitious

 

 

                      When you have NPD, you may not want to think that anything could    be wrong-doing so wouldn’t fit with your self-image of power and perfection.

But by definition, a narcissistic personality disorder causes problems in many areas of your life, such relationships, work, school or your financial affairs. You maybe generally unhappy, and confused by  a mixed of seemingly contradictory emotions. Others may not enjoy being around you, and you may find your relationships unfulfilling.

If you notice any of these problems in your life, consider reaching    out to a trusted doctor or mental health provider. Getting the right treatment can help your life more rewarding and enjoyable.

  Intervention

 

                              Narcissistic Personality Disorder treatment is centered around psychotheraphy. There are no medications specifically used to treat NPD. However, if you have symptoms of depression, anxiety or other conditions, medications such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety maybe helpful.

                                                                                       Lifestyle and home remedies

                                    Whether you decide to seek treatment on your own or are encouraged by loved ones or a concerned employer, you may feel defensive about      treatment or think it’s unnecessary. The nature of narcissistic personality disorder can also leave you feeling that the therapy or the therapist is not worth your time and attention, and you may be tempted to quit. Try to    keep an open mind, though, and to focus on the rewards of treatment.

Also, it’s important to:

Stick to your treatment plan. Attend scheduled therapy sessions and take any medications as directed. Remember that it can be hard work and that you may have occasional setbacks.

Learn about it. Educate yourself about narcissistic personality disorder so that you can better understand symptoms, risk factors    and treatments.

Get treatment for substance abuse or other mental health problems. Your addictions, depression, anxiety and stress can feed off each other, leading to a cycle of emotional pain and unhealthy   behavior.

Learn relaxation and stress management. Try such stress-reduction techniques as meditation, yoga or tai chi. These can be soothing and calming.

Stay focused on your goal. Recovery from narcissistic personality disorder can take time. Keep motivated by keeping your recovery    goals in mind and reminding yourself that you can work to repair damaged relationships and become happier with your life.

Because the cause of narcissistic personality disorder is unknown,    there’s no known way to prevent the condition with any certainty.

              Getting treatment as soon as possible for childhood mental health problems may help. Family therapy may help families learn healthy ways to communicate or to cope       with conflicts or emotional distress. Parents with personality disorders may benefit from parenting classes and guidance from therapists or social   workers.

 

 

                                        References:

 A.D.A.M.,Disclaimer

Copyright©2013, A.D.A.M., Inc.

 

Psychology,the Science of Mind and Behavior

Santrock, John W.

Copyright©1986, U.S.A.

 

 

Narcissistic Personality Disorder-MayoClinic.com

www.mayoclinic.com/health/narcissistic-personality-disorder/DS00652 

 

Narcissistic Personality Disorder-Wikipedia,the free encylopedia 

En.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narcissistic_personality_disorder

 

Narcissistic Personality Disorder-National Library of Medicine 

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/narcissistic-personality-disorder 

 

 

Narcissistic Personality Disorder symptoms|Psych Central

Psychcentral.com/disorders/narcissistic-personality-disorder-symptoms

Narcissistic Personality Disorder-Internet Mental Health

www.mentalhealth.com/dis/p20-pe07.html 

 

Narcissistic Personality Disorder|Psychology Today

www.psychologytoday.com/conditions/narcissistic-personality-disorder

 

 

 

 October 2014

 

 

 

 

 

Sacred Heart of Jesus High School

Brooke’s Point, Palawan

 

Project

in

MAPEH

(research about

Narcissistic Personality Disorder)

Submitted by:

Phoebe Kate Feria

Bia Danessa Ferrer

submitted to:

Mrs.Rosalyn L. Taban

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